Non-Ferrous Metals

Non-Ferrous ISRI grades

  • Copper
  • Aluminium
  • Nickel
  • Lead
  • Zinc

Copper is a soft, ductile red metal. It is used as a conductor of electricity, a building material, and a component of alloys.

Berry No. 1 copper wire
Shall consist of clean, untinned, uncoated, unalloyed copper wire and cable, not smaller than No. 16 B
& S wire gauge, free of burnt wire which is brittle. Hydraulically briquetted copper subject to agreement.
Birch No. 2 COPPER WIRE
Shall consist of miscellaneous, unalloyed copper wire having a nominal 96% copper content (mini- mum 94%) as determined by electrolytic assay. Should be free of the following: Excessively leaded, tinned, soldered copper wire; brass and bronze wire; excessive oil content, iron, and non-metallics; copper wire from burning, containing insulation; hair wire; burnt wire which is brittle; and should be reasonably free of ash. Hydraulically briquetted copper subject to agreement.
Candy no. 1 heavy copper
Shall consist of clean, unalloyed, uncoated copper clippings, punchings, bus bars, commutator segments, and wire not less than 1/16 of an inch thick, free of burnt wire which is brittle; but may include clean cop- per tubing. Hydraulically briquetted copper subject to agreement.
Cliff no. 2 copper
Shall consist of miscellaneous, unalloyed copper scrap having a nominal 96% copper content (mini- mum 94%) as determined by electrolytic assay. Should be free of the following: Excessively leaded, tinned, soldered copper scrap; brasses and bronzes; excessive oil content, iron and non-metallics; cop- per tubing with other than copper connections or with sediment; copper wire from burning, containing insulation; hair wire; burnt wire which is brittle; and should be reasonably free of ash. Hydraulically briquetted copper subject to agreement.
Clove no. 1 copper wire nodules
Shall consist of No. 1 bare, uncoated, unalloyed cop- per wire scrap nodules, chopped or shredded, free of tin, lead, zinc, aluminum, iron, other metallic impurities, insulation, and other foreign contamination. Minimum copper 99%. Gauge smaller than No. 16 B & S wire and hydraulically compacted material subject to agreement between buyer and seller.
Dream light copper
Shall consist of miscellaneous, unalloyed copper scrap having a nominal 92% copper content (mini- mum 88%) as determined by electrolytic assay and shall consist of sheet copper, gutters, downspouts, kettles, boilers, and similar scrap. Should be free of the following: Burnt hair wire; copper clad; plating racks; grindings; copper wire from burning, con- taining insulation; radiators and fire extinguishers; refrigerator units; electrotype shells; screening; excessively leaded, tinned, soldered scrap; brasses and bronzes; excessive oil, iron and non-metallics; and should be reasonably free of ash. Hydraulically briquetted copper subject to agreement. Any items excluded in this grade are also excluded in the higher grades above.
Druid insulated copper wire scrap
Shall consist of No. 1 bare, uncoated, unalloyed cop- per wire (see Barley), not smaller than No. 16 B & S wire gauge (unless smaller wire gauge is mutually agreed upon), with various types of insulation. To be sold on sample or recovery basis, subject to agreement between buyer and seller.
gunmetal Ebony composition or red brass
Shall consist of red brass scrap, valves, machinery bearings and other machinery parts, including mis- cellaneous castings made of copper, tin, zinc, and/or lead. Shall be free of semi-red brass castings (78% to 81% copper); railroad car boxes and other similar high-lead alloys; cocks and faucets; closed water meters; gates; pot pieces; ingots and burned brass; aluminum, silicon, and manganese bronzes; iron and non-metallics. No piece to measure more than 12” over any one part or weigh over 100 lbs. Heavier pieces acceptable upon mutual agreement between buyer and seller.
Honey yellow brass scrap
Shall consist of mixed yellow brass solids, including brass castings, rolled brass, rod brass, tubing and miscellaneous yellow brasses, including plated brass. Must be free of manganese-bronze, aluminum- bronze, unsweated radiators or radiator parts, iron, and excessively dirty and corroded materials. Must also be free of any type of munitions including, but not limited to, bullet casings.
Label new brass clippings
Shall consist of the cuttings of new unleaded yellow brass sheet or plate, to be clean and free from foreign substances and not to contain more than 10% of clean brass punchings under 1/4 inch. To be free of Muntz metal and naval brass.
lace Lace brass shell cases without primers
Shall consist of clean fired 70/30 brass shell cases free of primers and any other foreign material. For material to be exported from the United States, all shells must be sufficiently mutilated to prevent reuse and reloading.
Lake brass small arms and rifle shells, clean fired
Shall consist of clean fired 70/30 brass shells free of bullets, iron and any other foreign material. For material to be exported from the United States, all shells must be sufficiently mutilated to prevent reuse and reloading.
Night yellow brass rod turnings
Shall consist strictly of rod turnings, free of aluminum, manganese, composition, Tobin and Muntz metal turnings; not to contain over 3% free iron, oil or other moisture; to be free of grindings and babbitts; to contain not more than 0.30% tin and not more than 0.15% alloyed iron.
noble Noble new yellow brass rod ends
Shall consist of new, clean rod ends from free turn- ing brass rods or forging rods, not to contain more than 0.30% tin and not more than 0.15% alloyed iron. To be free of Muntz metal and naval brass or any other alloys. To be in pieces not larger than 12” and free of foreign matter.
Nomad yellow brass turnings
Shall consist of yellow brass turnings, free of aluminum, manganese and composition turnings, not to contain over 3% of free iron, oil or other moisture; to be free of grindings and babbitts. To avoid dispute, to be sold subject to sample or analysis.
Ocean mixed unsweated auto radiators
Shall consist of mixed automobile radiators, to be free of aluminum radiators, and iron-finned radiators. All radiators to be subject to deduction of actual iron. The tonnage specification should cover the gross weight of the radiators, unless otherwise specified.
Elmo mixed electric motors
Shall consist of whole electric motors and/or dismantled electric motor parts that are primarily copper-wound. May contain aluminum-wound material, subject to agreement between buyer and seller. No excessive steel attachments such as gear reducers, iron bases, and pumps, or loose free iron allowed. Specification not to include sealed units or cast iron compressors.

Aluminium is an extremely light metal. It is the most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust making up about 8% of the Earth’s solid surface.

Tablet clean aluminum lithographic sheets
To consist of 1000 and/or 3000 series alloys, to be free of paper, plastic, excessively inked sheets, and any other contaminants. Minimum size of 3” (8 cm) in any direction.
Taint clean mixed old alloy sheet aluminum
Tabor Shall consist of clean old alloy aluminum sheet of two or more alloys, free of foil, venetian blinds, castings, hair wire, screen wire, food or beverage containers, radiator shells, airplane sheet, bottle caps, plastic, dirt, and other non-metallic items. Oil and grease not to total more than 1%. Up to 10% Tale permitted.
taldon Taldon baled aluminum used beverage can (ubc) scrap
Shall have a minimum density of 14 pounds per cubic foot (225 kg/m3), and a maximum density of 17 pounds per cubic foot (273 kg/m3) for unflattened UBC and 22 pounds per cubic foot (353 kg/m3) for flattened UBC. Size: Minimum 30 cubic feet (.85 m3), with bale range dimensions of 24” to 40” (61 to 132 cm) by 30” to 52” (76 to 132 cm) by 40” to 84”(102 to 213 cm). The only acceptable tying method shall be as follows: four to six 5/8” (1.6 cm) x .020” (5 mm) steel bands, or six to ten #13 gauge steel wires (aluminum bands or wires are acceptable in equivalent strength and number). Use of skids and/ or support sheets of any material is not acceptable. Must be magnetically separated material and free of steel, lead, bottle caps, plastic cans and other plastic, glass, wood, dirt, grease, trash, and other foreign substances.
Rad Talk aluminum copper radiators
Shall consist of clean aluminum and copper radiators, and/or aluminum fins on copper tubing, free of brass tubing, iron and other foreign contamination.
Talon new pure aluminum wire and cable
Shall consist of new, clean, unalloyed aluminum wire or cable free from hair wire, ACSR, wire screen, iron, insulation and other non-metallic items.
Tutu aluminum extrusion dealer grade
Shall consist of old extruded aluminum of one alloy, typically alloy 6063, 6061, or 7075. Material must be free of iron, thermo break, saw chips, zinc corners, dirt, paper, cardboard, and other foreign contamination. Percentages of paint or other alloys to be agreed upon by buyer and seller.
Telic mixed aluminum borings and turnings
Shall consist of clean, uncorroded aluminum borings and turnings of two or more alloys and subject to deductions for fines in excess of 3% through a 20 mesh screen and dirt, free iron, oil, moisture and all other non-metallic items. Material containing iron in excess of 10% and/or free magnesium or stainless steel or containing highly flammable cutting com- pounds will not constitute good delivery. To avoid dispute, material should be sold on basis of definite maximum zinc, tin and magnesium content.
Tense mixed aluminum castings
Shall consist of all clean aluminum castings which may contain auto and airplane castings but no ingots, and to be free of iron, brass, dirt and other non-metallic items. Oil and grease not to total more than 2%.
Tough mixed new aluminum alloy clippings and solids
Shall consist of new, clean, uncoated and unpainted aluminum scrap of two or more alloys with a mini- mum thickness of .015” (.38 mm) and to be free of hair wire, wire screen, dirt and other non-metallic items. Oil and grease not to total more than 1%. Also free from punchings less than 1/2” (1.27 cm) in size.
troma Troma aluminum auto or truck wheels
Shall consist of clean, single-piece, unplated aluminum wheels of a single specified alloy, free of all inserts, steel, wheel weights, valve stems, tires, grease and oil and other non-metallic items. Variations to this specification should be agreed upon prior to shipment between the buyer and seller.
Twang insulated aluminum wire scrap
Shall consist of aluminum wire scrap with various types of insulation. To be sold on a sample or recovery basis, subject to arrangement between buyer and seller.
zorba Zorba shredded nonferrous scrap (predominantly aluminum)
Shall be made up of a combination of the nonferrous metals: aluminum, copper, lead, magnesium, stainless steel, nickel, tin, and zinc, in elemental or alloyed (solid) form. The percentage of each metal within the nonferrous concentrate shall be subject to agreement between buyer and seller. Material generated by eddy current, air separation, flotation, screening, other segregation technique(s), or a combination thereof. Shall have passed one or more magnets to reduce or eliminate free iron and/or large iron attachments. Shall be free of radioactive material, dross, or ash. Material to be bought/sold under this guideline shall be identified as “Zorba” with a number to follow indicating the estimated percentage nonferrous metal content of the mate- rial (e.g., “Zorba 90” means the material contains approximately 90% nonferrous metal content). May also be screened to permit description by specific size ranges. (Refer also to Zorba under Mixed Metals.)

Nickel is a hard, ductile white metal. It is considered a rare metal and is used in Stainless Steel production and electronic manufacturing.

Sabot stainless steel scrap
Shall consist of clean 18-8 type stainless steel clips and solids containing a minimum 7% nickel, 16% chrome, and have a maximum of .50% molybdenum, .50% copper, .045% phosphorous, and .03% sulphur, and otherwise free of harmful contaminants. Particulars concerning physical description, grading, additional analysis, and preparation to be agreed upon between buyer and seller.
Ultra stainless steel turnings
Shall consist of clean 18-8 type stainless steel turnings containing a minimum 7% nickel and 16% chrome, and to be free of nonferrous metals, non- metallics, excessive iron, oil and other contaminants. Particulars concerning physical description, assay, and packaging to be agreed upon between buyer and seller.
stainless-steel 316 Stainless Steel
Shall consist of clean 316 type stainless steel clips and solids containing a minimum 10% nickel, 18% chrome, and have a maximum of 3% molybdenum, .50% copper, .045% phosphorous, and .03% sulphur, and otherwise free of harmful contaminants. Particulars concerning physical description, grading, additional analysis, and preparation to be agreed upon between buyer and seller. It is often used in cutlery and high-quality cookware.
inconel Inconel
Inconel is a family of austenitic nickel-chromium-based alloys. The name is a trademark of Special Metals Corporation. Inconel alloys are oxidation and corrosion resistant materials well suited for service in extreme environments subjected to pressure and heat. Inconel 600, 601, 625, 702, 706, 718 are most commonly traded grades.
hastalloy Hastalloy
Hastelloy is the registered trademark name of Haynes International. It applies to a range of different highly corrosion-resistant metal alloys. The predominant ingredients centre around nickel and include varying percentages of molybdenum, chromium, cobalt, iron, copper, manganese, titanium ,zirconium, aluminium, carbon, and tungsten. The primary function of these alloys is that of withstanding high-temperature, high-stress environments.

Lead is a soft, heavy metal. It has a grey colour and is most commonly utilised in construction, lead-acid batteries, shot, counter-weights, ballast and as a constituent part of solders.

radio Radio mixed hard/soft scrap lead
Shall consist of clean lead solids, free of other mate- rials, such as drosses, battery plates, lead covered cable, collapsible tubes, type metals, aluminum, zinc, iron and brass fittings, dirty chemical lead and radio- active materials. Review packaging specifications and regulatory status pertaining to shipping with buyer prior to sale.
relay Relay lead covered copper cable
Free of armored covered cable, and foreign material.
Ropes wheel weights
To consist of lead tire balances with or without iron clips. Not to include scrap lead, lugs or plates unless specifically agreed to. To be free of foreign material. Review packaging specifications and regulatory status pertaining to shipping with buyer prior to sale.

Zinc is a light, grey metal. It is the 24th most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust. It is most commonly used in the construction industry and as a counter-balance in the automotive industry.

score Score old scrap zinc
Shall consist of clean dry scrap zinc, such as sheets, jar lids, clean unalloyed castings and anti-corrosion plates. Borings and turnings are not acceptable. Material must not be excessively corroded or oxidized. All foreign attachments and extraneous mate- rials are deductible.